How to save dying rose plant cutting

Propagating Roses from Cuttings

Roses, with their beauty and fragrance, also symbolise love. Can be grown by cutting
 Whether you want to preserve a rose variety or multiply your garden with roses, propagating roses from cuttings is a time-tested and rewarding process. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the art of rose propagation, step by step, allowing you to nurture new blooms and create a garden filled with these timeless treasures i.e. rose plants.

Type of rose cutting: 

Before we dive into the propagation process, it's essential to know the basics of rose cuttings. Roses can be propagated from various types of cuttings, but the most common and successful method is through softwood or hardwood cuttings.

Softwood Cuttings: These are taken from young, tender shoots in late spring or early summer when the rose plant is actively growing. Softwood cuttings are typically 4-6 inches long and include the tip of the stem.

Hardwood Cuttings: Gathered from mature rose canes in late autumn or early winter, hardwood cuttings are thicker and more substantial. They usually measure around 12-18 inches in length.

Tools and Materials required in rose cutting:

Before we start, gather the necessary tools and materials in good environmental conditions to ensure a successful propagation process:

. Pruner: High-quality pruning shears or garden scissors are essential for making clean and precise cuts.

. Potting Mix: Use a well-drain potting mix, ideally one designed for roses or general-purpose potting soil mixed with perlite or vermiculite or sand or cocopeat.

. Pots or Containers: Choose small pots or containers with good drainage holes to plant your rose cuttings.

. Rooting Hormone: A rooting hormone powder can significantly increase the success rate by 99% of your cuttings by encouraging root development.

. Clear Plastic Bag: These will create a mini greenhouse environment to maintain humidity around your cuttings which encourages growth.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagating Roses from Cuttings:
rose cutting

Now that you've assembled your tools and materials, let's dive into the propagation process:

1. Selecting the Right Cutting:

Choose a healthy, disease-free rose plant for your cuttings. Look for canes that are about the thickness of a pencil. Ensure they have at least two or three leaf nodes (the bumps on the stem from which leaves, buds, and roots develop).

2. Taking the Cuttings:

For softwood cuttings (best taken in late spring or early summer):

   - Cut a 4-6 inch section of a young stem, just below a leaf node, at a 45-degree angle.
   - Remove any flowers, flower buds, or leaves from the lower part of the cutting.
   - Optionally, dip the cut end in rooting hormone to stimulate root development.

For hardwood cuttings (best taken in late autumn or early winter):

   - Cut a 12-18 inch section of a mature cane, just below a leaf node, at a 45-degree angle.
   - Trim the upper end just above a leaf node.
   - Remove any remaining leaves from the cane.

3. Preparing the Potting Mix and Containers:

Fill small pots or containers with the potting mix, leaving about an inch of space at the top. Water the mix thoroughly to ensure it's evenly moist but not waterlogged.

4. Planting the Cuttings:

   - Make a hole in the potting mix using a pencil or similar tool.
   - Insert the cutting into the hole, burying at least one leaf node and leaving one or two leaf nodes above the soil.
   - Gently press the soil around the cutting to ensure good contact.

5. Creating a Mini Greenhouse:

To create a humid environment that encourages root development, cover the pots with clear plastic bags, plastic domes or glass jar. This will help maintain high humidity levels around the cuttings.

6. Providing Adequate Light and Temperature:

Place the containers with cuttings in a bright, indirect light location. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can overheat the cuttings and rose cutting will not grow. Ideal temperatures for root development are around 70-75°F (21-24°C).

7. Maintaining Moisture and Ventilation:

Rose cutting grows best in the rainy season or winter season, Check the moisture level in the pots regularly. The potting mix should remain consistently moist but not waterlogged. If condensation builds up inside the plastic bags or domes, provide some ventilation by slightly opening them this will not allow the fungus to grow.

8. Root Development and Transplanting:

Roots typically start developing in several weeks to a few months i.e. nearly 30-40 days, depending on the rose variety and environmental conditions. You can gently tug on the cutting to check for resistance, which indicates root growth. Once the roots are well-established, it's time to transplant your young rose plants into larger pots or directly into your garden. But keep in mind that after transplantation rose plant cutting must not get direct sunlight for more than 1-2 hours for a few days, after that we can keep in full sunlight in the winter season and in the summer season for 3 hours

9. Transplanting Young Roses:

   - Prepare a larger pot or a garden bed with well-draining soil.
   - Carefully remove the young rose plant from its original container, taking care not to damage the roots.
   - Dig a hole in the new soil and plant the rose at the same depth as it was in the original container.
   - Water the plant thoroughly after transplanting to help it settle into its new home.

10. Caring for Young Roses:

   - Keep your newly transplanted roses well-watered, especially during their first growing season.
   - Provide them with the appropriate sunlight and regular feeding with a balanced rose fertilizer.
   - Prune your young roses as needed to encourage healthy growth and shape.


Propagating roses from cuttings is a gratifying journey that allows you to create new plants from your favourite rose varieties. With the right tools, materials, and care, you can turn a single rose into a flourishing garden filled with the timeless beauty and elegance of these beloved flowers. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or just starting your green-thumb adventure, propagating roses from cuttings is a rewarding skill to add to your horticultural repertoire. So, roll up your sleeves, embrace the art of propagation, and watch your garden bloom with the love and charm of roses.